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Effects of Opium Addiction

Opium is the source for morphine, codeine, and heroin. When taken legally or illegally, opium is also a highly addictive drug.

Opium can provide desirable effects including:

  • Euphoria
  • Relaxation
  • Numbness from pain
  • Alleviation of anxieties

However, people who have become tolerant to the desirable effects and seek to maintain them, often they become addicted through consuming greater amounts of the drug. Opium use also has negative effects, including:

  • Diminished bodily responses to certain situations
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Impaired mental abilities
  • Decreased sexual urge
  • Vision impairment
  • Abnormal mood swings
  • Excessive urination

These physical and psychological problems greatly affect one’s daily activities, which may lead to depression or anxiety. In its extreme, an addict may become comatose, and death is a potential consequence.

History of Opium Addiction

While opium has been an illegal or legal entity in just about every culture in every part of the world, opium addiction emerged prominently in the United States during the Civil War, when soldiers were given large quantities of opium and its derivatives to endure the stressors of the war. After the Civil War, facilities were designated to assist soldiers in overcoming their addiction, but there was a substantial number of men and women who relapsed back to using opium after their rehabilitation treatment.

By the end of the 19th century, opium smoking was popular among small groups of Americans, but most people viewed the use of opium to be socially irresponsible and immoral. However, with a great influx of immigrants in the early 20th century, poor, young people crowded into urban tenements and became susceptible to addiction. The use of opium, heroin, and cocaine in poor urban areas became important concerns to social, religious, and political leaders.

While the Harrison Narcotic Act of 1914 was intended to regulate the production, distribution, and prescription of opium and its derivatives, it did allow for physicians to prescribe these narcotics for legitimate medical purposes. However, crimes associated with drug use continued to rise so significantly that the United States government opened up three treatment facilities between 1936 and 1938 which served as the primary drug treatment facilities until the early 1960s.

Today, there are nearly one thousand FDA-approved narcotic treatment programs in forty-three states, three territories, and the District of Columbia.

Opium Addiction Help

If you need assistance to find the right treatment program for an opium addiction, please call our toll free number today. We are available 24 hours a day to answer any questions you might have. We can inform you about recovery solutions and treatment. Call today.